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Nov 18

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Iran Human Development Index

Definition of ‘Human Development Index – HDI’

A tool developed by the United Nations to measure and rank countries’ levels of social and economic development based on four criteria: Life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling and gross national income per capita. The HDI makes it possible to track changes in development levels over time and to compare development levels in different countries.
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Dimensions and calculation

New method for 2011 data onwards

Published on 4 November 2010 (and updated on 10 June 2011), starting with the 2011 Human Development Report the HDI combines three dimensions:

  • A long and healthy life: Life expectancy at birth
  • Education index: Mean years of schooling and Expected years of schooling
  • A decent standard of living: GNI per capita (PPP US$)

In its 2010 Human Development Report, the UNDP began using a new method of calculating the HDI. The following three indices are used:

1. Life Expectancy Index (LEI) = \frac{\textrm{LE} - 20}{82.3-20}

2. Education Index (EI) = \frac{\sqrt{\textrm{MYSI} \cdot \textrm{EYSI}}} {0.951}

2.1 Mean Years of Schooling Index (MYSI) = \frac{\textrm{MYS}}{13.2}
2.2 Expected Years of Schooling Index (EYSI) = \frac{\textrm{EYS}}{20.6}

3. Income Index (II) = \frac{\ln(\textrm{GNIpc}) - \ln(100)}{\ln(107,721) - \ln(100)}

Finally, the HDI is the geometric mean of the previous three normalized indices:
\textrm{HDI} = \sqrt[3]{\textrm{LEI}\cdot \textrm{EI} \cdot \textrm{II}}.

LE: Life expectancy at birth
MYS: Mean years of schooling (Years that a 25-year-old person or older has spent in schools)
EYS: Expected years of schooling (Years that a 5-year-old child will spend with his education in his whole life)
GNIpc: Gross national income at purchasing power parity per capita
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Old method used until 2011

The HDI combined three dimensions up until its 2011 report:

This is the methodology used by the UNDP up until its 2011 report.

The formula defining the HDI is promulgated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)[7] In general, to transform a raw variable, say x, into a unit-free index between 0 and 1 (which allows different indices to be added together), the following formula is used:

  • x\text{-index} = \frac{x - \min\left(x\right)}{\max\left(x\right)-\min\left(x\right)}

where \min\left(x\right) and \max\left(x\right) are the lowest and highest values the variable x can attain, respectively.

The Human Development Index (HDI) then represents the uniformly weighted sum with ⅓ contributed by each of the following factor indices:

Other organizations/companies may include Democracy Index, Population, etc. which produces different number of HDI.

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IRAN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX:

Latest World Rank: 89

Ranking 89
Year Iran (Islamic Republic of) High human development South Asia World
2011 0.707 0.742 0.548 0.682
2010 n.a. n.a. 0.545 0.679
2009 0.703 0.734 0.538 0.676
2008 0.699 0.733 0.532 0.674
2007 0.694 0.728 0.527 0.670
2006 0.684 0.721 0.518 0.664
2005 0.671 0.716 0.510 0.660
2004 n.a. n.a. 0.503 0.665
2003 n.a. n.a. 0.492 0.659
2002 n.a. n.a. 0.482 0.654
2001 n.a. n.a. 0.475 0.650
2000 0.636 0.687 0.468 0.634
1999 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1998 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1997 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1996 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1995 n.a. n.a. 0.444 0.613
1990 0.534 0.648 0.418 0.594
1989 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1988 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1987 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1986 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1985 n.a. n.a. 0.389 0.576
1984 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1983 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1982 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1981 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
1980 0.437 0.614 0.356 0.558

Human Development Index

Read more about the Human Development Index

Health
Life expectancy at birth (years) 73.0
Income
GNI per capita in PPP terms (constant 2005 international $) (Constant 2005 international $) 10,164
Demography
Population, total both sexes (thousands) 74,798.6
Composite indices
Nonincome HDI value 0.731
Indicator Value Notes
Nonincome HDI value 0.731
Footnotes
1. Data refer to 2011 or the most recent year available.
2. Data refer to 2011 or the most recent year available.
3. Includes particulate emissions damage.
4. Data refers to latest year between 2003-2007.
5. The Global Forest Resource Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010) is the main source of forest area data in FAOSTAT. Data were provided by countries for years 1990, 2000, 2005 and 2010. The data collected from official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover: official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations. Data for intermediate years were estimated for FAO using linear interpolation and tabulation.
6. Because data are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross country comparison should be made with caution.
n.a. Data not available

 

Human Development Index: Trends 1980 – present

 

The Human Development Index – going beyond income

Each year since 1990 the Human Development Report has published the Human Development Index (HDI) which was introduced as an alternative to conventional measures of national development, such as level of income and the rate of economic growth. The HDI represents a push for a broader definition of well-being and provides a composite measure of three basic dimensions of human development: health, education and income. Iran (Islamic Republic of)’s HDI is 0.707, which gives the country a rank of 89 out of 187 countries with comparable data. The HDI of South Asia as a region increased from 0.356 in 1980 to 0.548 today, placing Iran (Islamic Republic of) above the regional average. The HDI trends tell an important story both at the national and regional level and highlight the very large gaps in well-being and life chances that continue to divide our interconnected world. Learn more

Human Development Index: Health, Education and Income

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The 2011 Human Development Report was released on 2 November 2011, and calculated HDI values based on estimates for 2011. Below is the list of the “Very High Human Development” countries (equal to the top quartile):

Note: The green arrows (Increase), red arrows (Decrease), and blue dashes (Steady) represent changes in rank when compared to the new 2011 data HDI for 2010 – published in the 2011 report (p. 131).

  1.  Norway 0.943 (Steady)
  2.  Australia 0.929 (Steady)
  3.  Netherlands 0.910 (Steady)
  4.  United States 0.910 (Steady)
  5.  New Zealand 0.908 (Steady)
  6.  Canada 0.908 (Steady)
  7.  Ireland 0.908 (Steady)
  8.  Liechtenstein 0.905 (Steady)
  9.  Germany 0.905 (Steady)
  10.  Sweden 0.904 (Steady)
  11.  Switzerland 0.903 (Steady)
  12.  Japan 0.901 (Steady)
  13.  Hong Kong 0.898 (Increase 1)
  14.  Iceland 0.898 (Decrease 1)
  15.  South Korea 0.897 (Steady)
  16.  Denmark 0.895 (Steady)
  1.  Israel 0.888 (Steady)
  2.  Belgium 0.886 (Steady)
  3.  Austria 0.885 (Steady)
  4.  France 0.884 (Steady)
  5.  Slovenia 0.884 (Steady)
  6.  Finland 0.882 (Steady)
  7.  Spain 0.878 (Steady)
  8.  Italy 0.874 (Steady)
  9.  Luxembourg 0.867 (Steady)
  10.  Singapore 0.866 (Steady)
  11.  Czech Republic 0.865 (Steady)
  12.  United Kingdom 0.863 (Steady)
  13.  Greece 0.861 (Steady)
  14.  United Arab Emirates 0.846 (Steady)
  15.  Cyprus 0.840 (Steady)
  16.  Andorra 0.838 (Steady)
  1.  Brunei 0.838 (Steady)
  2.  Estonia 0.835 (Steady)
  3.  Slovakia 0.834 (Steady)
  4.  Malta 0.832 (Steady)
  5.  Qatar 0.831 (Steady)
  6.  Hungary 0.816 (Steady)
  7.  Poland 0.813 (Steady)
  8.  Lithuania 0.810 (Increase 1)
  9.  Portugal 0.809 (Decrease 1)
  10.  Bahrain 0.806 (Steady)
  11.  Latvia 0.805 (Steady)
  12.  Chile 0.805 (Steady)
  13.  Argentina 0.797 (Increase 1)
  14.  Croatia 0.796 (Decrease 1)
  15.  Barbados 0.793 (Steady)

Non-UN members (not calculated by UNDP)

  •  Taiwan 0.883 Decrease (Ranked 22nd among countries if included)

Inequality-adjusted HDI

Below is a list of countries in the top quartile by Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI).

Note: The green arrows (Increase), red arrows (Decrease), and blue dashes (Steady) represent changes in rank when compared to the 2011 HDI list, for countries listed in both rankings.

  1.  Norway 0.890 (Steady)
  2.  Australia 0.856 (Steady)
  3.  Sweden 0.851 (Increase 5)
  4.  Netherlands 0.846 (Decrease 1)
  5.  Iceland 0.845 (Increase 5)
  6.  Ireland 0.843 (Steady)
  7.  Germany 0.842 (Steady)
  8.  Denmark 0.842 (Increase 4)
  9.  Switzerland 0.840 (Steady)
  10.  Slovenia 0.837 (Increase 7)
  11.  Finland 0.833 (Increase 7)
  12.  Canada 0.829 (Decrease 7)
  1.  Czech Republic 0.821 (Increase 9)
  2.  Austria 0.820 (Increase 1)
  3.  Belgium 0.819 (Decrease 1)
  4.  France 0.804 (Steady)
  5.  Spain 0.799 (Increase 2)
  6.  Luxembourg 0.799 (Increase 3)
  7.  United Kingdom 0.791 (Increase 4)
  8.  Slovakia 0.787 (Increase 7)
  9.  Israel 0.779 (Decrease 8)
  10.  Italy 0.779 (Decrease 2)
  11.  United States 0.771 (Decrease 19)
  12.  Estonia 0.769 (Increase 2)
  1.  Hungary 0.759 (Increase 3)
  2.  Greece 0.756 (Decrease 2)
  3.  Cyprus 0.755 (Decrease 2)
  4.  South Korea 0.749 (Decrease 17)
  5.  Poland 0.734 (Steady)
  6.  Lithuania 0.730 (Steady)
  7.  Portugal 0.726 (Steady)
  8.  Montenegro 0.718 (Increase 7)
  9.  Latvia 0.717 (Decrease 1)
  10.  Serbia 0.694 (Increase 9)
  11.  Belarus 0.693 (Increase 10)

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References:

International Human Development Indicators (UNDP)

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia

 

 

Permanent link to this article: http://www.mfanni.com/iran-human-development-index/

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